Addiction is the repeated involvement with a substance or activity, despite the substantial harm it causes. At X-roads we are registered with Dapaanz and work closely with addiction issues. Addiction comes in many forms; our focus is Alcohol and Substances. You may wish to become abstinent, or you want to manage your choices well and reduce the harm. Substance use disorders are classified as mild, moderate, or severe, depending on how many of the diagnostic criteria you meet. The 11 DSM-5 criteria for a substance use disorder include:1. Hazardous use: You've used the substance in ways that are dangerous to yourself and/or others, i.e., overdosed, driven while under the influence, or blacked out.2. Social or interpersonal problems related to use: Your substance use has caused relationship problems or conflicts with others.3. Neglected major roles to use: You've failed to meet your responsibilities at work, school, or home because of your substance use.4. Withdrawal: When you've stopped using the substance, you've experienced withdrawal symptoms.5. Tolerance: You've built up a tolerance to the substance so that you have to use more to get the same effect.6. Used larger amounts/longer: You've started to use larger amounts or use the substance for longer amounts of time.7. Repeated attempts to control use or quit: You've tried to cut back or quit entirely, but haven't been successful.8. Much time spent using: You spend a lot of your time using the substance.9. Physical or psychological problems related to use: Your substance use has led to physical health problems like liver damage or lung cancer, or psychological issues, such as depression or anxiety.10. Activities given up to use: You've skipped activities or stopped doing activities you once enjoyed in order to use the substance.11. Craving: You've experienced cravings for the substance.Being Diagnosed With a Substance Use Disorder
In order to be diagnosed with a substance use disorder, you must meet two or more of these criteria within a 12 month period. If you meet two or three of the criteria, you have a mild substance use disorder. Four to five is considered moderate, and if you meet six or more criteria, you have a severe substance use disorder.
Types of Substance Use DisordersEach substance use disorder is classified as its own disorder. Here are the six most common substance use disorders in the United States:1. Alcohol use disorder2. Tobacco use disorder3. Cannabis use disorder4. Stimulant use disorder5. Hallucinogen use disorder6. Opioid use disorder